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Below is a list of sessions within the Governance conference track.

Talking trash: Successes and challenges associated with policies to prevent plastic marine pollutionPlastic pollution, the largest component of marine debris, is a global problem that threatens marine life, ocean environments and local economies. In response to the looming global crisis, there have been a wide range of policies implemented to reduce plastic pollution. This session will focus on case studies of many different local, state, and national policy and regulatory approaches that have been pursued to curb plastic pollution (especially concerning plastic bag legislation), and will provide conference attendees with the lessons learned.  By exploring the policies already undertaken, stakeholders can better understand the successes and challenges of the various approaches and move forward with critical knowledge about how ensuing regulatory and legislative changes have fared.  This session will inform stakeholders about the last decade of successes and challenges in stemming the plastic pollution in our waterways, and shed light on regulatory and legislative efforts that can serve as a model for national and international ocean pollution issues.
Chair: Kirsten James, Heal the Bay

Reducing marine debris from shipping: The reality of regulation beyond the horizonThis session will aim to examine the development of international and national regulation aimed at preventing garbage pollution from ships, and explore the feasibility of making regulation effective in an environment that relies on voluntary compliance.  It is clear from both the international and individual state experiences that regulations to prevent garbage from vessels of all sizes may not be a comprehensive solution to the problem. While regulation is essential, enforcement of regulations becomes extremely difficult when vessels are routinely out of site of enforcement agencies, and in the case of smaller vessels are not even required to keep records of garbage management practices on board.  This session will investigate the role of regulation, and consider how this may be enforced and what is needed to ensure voluntary compliance in the case that enforcement is not a realistic option.
Chair: Alison Lane, Maritime New Zealand

Preventing land-based sources of debris through solid waste managementAs much as 80 percent of marine debris stems from land-based activities. Absent or poorly implemented solid waste management frameworks, coupled with careless consumer behaviour, are at the heart of the marine debris problem. This session will identify how solid waste management frameworks can be improved to reduce the waste reaching our shores and making its way to coastal waters and the open ocean. It will highlight success stories in solid waste management at various levels and seek to identify the critical or determining features of those successes.
Chair: TBD
Co-chair: TBD

Law, policy, and economic considerations for successful governanceThis session includes discussions of law, policy, and economic instruments to address marine debris.  It was formed by merging economic instruments and some of the law and policy abstracts that did not fit into other sessions.  The goal of this session is to learn from case studies that lay out the components necessary for successful governance, as defined as fewer marine debris impacts to the marine environment.
Chair: TBD
Co-chair: TBD

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