Response & Removal

LINKS: Presentation & Poster AbstractsSubmit Your Abstract | Response & Removal | Research & Monitoring | International, Regional, & Cross-sectoral Partnerships | Outreach & Education | Technology | Governance

Below is a list of sessions within the Response & Removal conference track.

Coastal cleanup programs: A solution to the problem or just to the symptom? Routine coastal cleanups and enforcement actions can create a visible improvement in coastal cleanliness. But is there a significant change in public awareness of the need to reduce plastic usage and waste production?  Are we really dealing with the problem, or just the consequences?  This session will address the following question: is keeping the coast clean solving the problem of littering, or do we need to start at the source?
Chair: Galia Pasternak, Marine and Coastal Env. Division – Ministry of Env. Protection (Israel)
Co-chair: Ronen Alkalay, Marine and Coastal Env. Division – Ministry of Env. Protection (Israel)

Diving for debris: Methods and approaches for human-powered in-water marine debris removalThis session will explore the use of different diving methodologies for marine debris removal including safety precautions, specific trainings, and debris handling techniques.  Potential topics to be covered include scuba diving, hookah, snorkeling operations, and more. Presenters may also explain safety practices and precautions taken for particular operations. Discussions may include the need for specific trainings such as small boat operations, debris handling methods, and proper rescue certifications (e.g., CPR, First Aid, Oxygen Administration). Specific case studies can be utilized to provide examples of both successful and flawed approaches.
Chair: Mark Manuel, NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
Co-chair: Kyle Koyanagi, NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center

Responding to wildlife entanglement in marine debrisThe session will focus on measuring the rates of marine animal entanglement and detecting changes in the rates of marine animal entanglement as they relate to efforts to remove marine debris from the environment.  It will bringing together responders from the marine animal health and stranding network with marine debris prevention, removal, and detection experts.  The session will also provide opportunities for international dialog regarding marine debris the direct effects on the marine environment and the opportunity to share experiences, tools, methods and strategies for responding to marine animal entanglement. (This session is cross-listed with research and monitoring.)
Chair: Michael Williams, NOAA,  National Marine Fisheries Service (Alaska)
Co-chair: David Schofield, NOAA,  National Marine Fisheries Service, Protected Resources

Don’t fill our landfills: Alternative disposal methods for marine debris and derelict fishing gearThis session will highlight successful alternative marine debris waste management scenarios including waste-to-energy and recycling, while exploring the more innovative (uncommon for marine debris yet proven for other materials) practices of gasification and pyrolysis. While describing successful projects, logistics of collection and costs will be incorporated into talks. For innovative technologies, cost of facility construction and operation (and waste throughput costs) will be presented.  This session is for people currently conducting marine debris and derelict gear cleanups who desire an alternative disposal option from landfills; the session is also for people planning logistics for cleanups who want to use alternative disposal options.
Chair: Jenna Jambeck, PhD, University of Georgia

Shoreline marine debris: Removal and disposal methodsThis session will explore the various methods and tools for removal and disposal of marine debris from shoreline environments including utilization of different mechanisms, special equipment and training needs, hazards associated with removing debris, solutions for disposal of collected debris as well as special considerations for removal in remote areas.  The goal is to share different methods of removing marine debris from shoreline environments as well as discuss ways to improve and expand current removal methodologies. Potential topics to be covered include: removal and disposal operations using humans, vehicles, aircraft and other mechanisms; special equipment and training needs for varying coastal habitats; hazards associated with removing debris; solutions for transport and disposal of collected debris; and special considerations for removal in remote areas. Along with the explanation of methodologies and topics mentioned above, specific case studies can be utilized to provide examples of both successful and flawed approaches. The opportunity to share ideas and provide suggestions is needed to improve methods, make more efficient use of limited human and financial resources, ensure the safety of marine debris removal personnel, minimize incidental damage to habitats and species, and ultimately preserve our shoreline and ocean resources.
Chair: Marie Ferguson, NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
Co-chair: Max Sudnovsky, NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center

Assessing the dangers and removal of sea-dumped munitions and other hazardous debrisThe topic considered here is the hazard posed by toxic underwater munitions and other hazardous marine debris materials, including efforts to prioritize risks among sites by developing a comprehensive database, bringing these threats to light in a series of meetings and international dialogues, and, finally, examining ultimate clean-up strategies.  Key points include the need for international agreement to tackle the issue, the need for a coordinated global database, awareness to raise political will, policy alternatives, dangers to human health and the environment, and the need for new technology to mitigate impacts of hazardous debris.  Though some research has been conducted into the broader environmental consequences on the marine habitat, for example on coral and fish stocks, it has not yet been coordinated or reported globally and databases are still dismally patchy.  In other words, the situation, which has received very limited attention to date, could be a serious sleeper ready to cause severe damage in the future if disregarded now.
Chair: Paul Walker, Global Green USA
Co-chair: Finn Longinotto, Global Green USA

Managing marine debris in marine protected areasThis session is devoted to experiences in assessment and management for marine protected areas on a variety of aspects concerning debris, such as survey and removal, transport of non-native organisms, and effects on protected species.  Protected areas in the marine environment can have challenges concerning the assessment and management of marine debris.  Marine sanctuaries can pose difficulties to activities associated with marine debris management due to factors such as remoteness or inaccessibility of habitats and the presence of protected species. The session will discuss the challenges of dealing with baseline assessment in unique habitats and steps taken through agency partnerships to achieve results at removal and threat abatement for protected species.
Chair: Scott Godwin, NOAA Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument

Abandoned and derelict vesselsThis session was formed from an influx of abstracts that focus on abandoned and derelict vessels.  Presentations will cover various aspects of response, removal, impact, and policies that address derelict vessels.  These are a distinct form of marine debris that often demand innovative and alternative approaches to response and removal.
Chair: TBD
Co-chair: TBD

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